Archive for the ‘Basic Equipment’ Category
The term hydroponics stems from the words “hydro” (water) and “ponos” (labour) and is a method of growing plants without using soil. It may sound like science fiction but this method of growing plants has been around for centuries and is quite a simple process as there are only three basic requirements to be considered: water, nutrients and oxygen.
There are six kinds of hydroponics systems but, no matter which you choose, the hydroponics equipment required remains the same:
• Growing Chamber (tray). This is where the roots absorb the nutrients in order to grow. As with plants grown in soil, the roots need to be protected from light, heat and insects.
• Reservoir. Used to hold the nutrient solution that feeds the roots, the reservoir is usually made from plastic and should be light-proof to prevent the formation of algae.
• Submersible Pump. Most systems require a submersible pump to drive the nutrient solution into the growing chamber. A filter is also required and both the pump and filter should be cleaned regularly.
• Grow Lights. These are optional and natural sunlight is preferable when possible.
• Timer. Depending on the system being used, timers may or not be required. When using grow lights, a timer will be necessary to simulate day and night.
• Air Pump. Unless using the water culture system, air pumps are optional but definitely worth considering. An air pump oxygenates the water and keeps the nutrients circulating which is of benefit to the roots.
A hydroponic system can be as big or as small, as simple or as complicated as you want but it is worth taking the time to study your options and get the best hydroponics equipment for your personal requirements. For a full list of hydroponic systems visit this site www.bradfordhydroponics.co.uk